EPBD

Brief overview of legislation

Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2002

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2002 is a European Directive which was designed to focus the minds of members of the EU towards meeting their obligations to reduce carbon emissions and promote energy efficiency. This directive was implemented into UK legislation in the form of the Energy Performance of Buildings Regulations 2007.

Part 4 of the Energy Performance of Buildings Regulations requires the person who has control of the operation of any air-conditioning systems in a building that have a collective cooling capacity larger than 12kW to ensure the overall system is inspected by an accredited air conditioning inspector at regular intervals (at least every 5 years).

Unlike the requirements for Energy Performance Certificates, these air conditioning inspections are not triggered by sale or rental, but have been given definite deadlines for compliance. These are -

  • First inspection of all existing air conditioning systems over 250 kW cooling capacity must be completed by 4 January 2009.
  • First inspection of all existing air conditioning systems over 12 kW must be completed by 4 January 2011.
  • New air conditioning systems over 12 kW installed after January 2008 must be inspected within 5 years of being put into service.


This means that any systems over 250 kW that have not already been inspected are currently breaching the regulations and therefore liable for a fine or further prosecution.

Air conditioning inspectors will produce a written air conditioning inspection report and advice on how to improve the efficiency of the system, the sizing of the system compared to the coding requirements, possible improvement or replacement of the system and possible alternative solutions. This report will be given to the person who has operational control of the air-conditioning system who must keep it and pass it on to new occupiers.

  • Regulation 21 requires the relevant person to ensure that inspections on such systems take place at regular intervals no greater than 5 years, and sets out the phased implementation for this requirement (see above).
  • Regulation 22 sets out the minimum requirements of the written report.
  • Regulation 23 requires the relevant person to keep the most recent report.


Regulation 24 requires that from 4th January 2011, if there is a change of responsibility for a system, a new occupier who is not given a report upon handover must ensure an inspection is carried out within three months of arrival.

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